Detailed information relating to using the History Search. which maintain digital records of pre-registration title documents (The Sasine Records) England's The date of the current ownership might also be the same date as the date of first. Title deeds are paper documents showing the chain of ownership for land and property. .. Please see our guidance - edocki.info information-land-registry. . I have the original deeds at home as I'm now mortgage free. .. Nick - the online register will be the up to date detail. HM Land Registry has many office buildings covering the whole of England and This date is often shortly after the date the property was built, so persons.
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Where the property does not have a full postal address it will often be described as, e. Searching for land without a full postal address has to be made by plan. The property is further described by reference to its tenure, i. Exclusions from the Title The rights to mines and minerals to the land, if there are any, are likely to be excluded from ownership in favour of the Crown. The provision for exception is found in the A section of the Register.
In the A section of the register the property description refers to the property as leasehold land. One significant difference between freehold and leasehold titles, however, is that the leasehold title, in the A section, provides short particulars of the lease from which the title is derived.
This will include the date of registration of the original lease, the date of registration of the purchased leasehold title to the present owner, the length of the lease, any rent applicable and the names of the original parties to the lease, i. The short particulars of the lease will be followed by a statement that the landlord's title freehold or superior leasehold title is also registered, where it is registered.
Leases will usually contain numerous restrictive covenants, and these are generally detailed in a schedule at the end of the C section of the register. Leases created since the coming into effect of the Land Registration Amendment No 2 Rules must contain Prescribed Clauses, which are set out in the Statutory Instrument creating them. The Rules came into effect on 18 June The effect of the Prescribed Clauses is to simplify the reading of the lease and navigation of the clauses and data it contains.
Leases prior to this date are more difficult to read and understand. In some parts of the country, e. Manchester, ground rents are called chief rents. The idea behind all rent charges is that once a property is sold an annual charge is made to the owner of the rent charge, albeit a small one. Rent charges are presently being phased out and will be extinguished altogether in To discover the identity of the rent charge holder one merely needs to look at the freehold title register, or any superior leasehold title from which the current lease underlease is derived.
Property Ownership One of the most useful reasons for a person to obtain a copy of the Title Register is to check the property description and the ownership details, either to confirm that they themselves own the property, or else to confirm the identity and current address of the owner, if someone else. The B section of the Title Register deals with ownership.
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It states the name and address of the current owner. The names of previous owners are not shown, although one can obtain an historical copy of the Register, back to which will show the owner at that particular date.
The Land Registry allow up to 3 different contact addresses to be shown in the Register for each owner, so if there are 2 owners it is possible to have 6 different contact addresses recorded. Such addresses can include an email address and an address Abroad. The idea of this is to reduce the incidence of fraud, as the Land Registry will contact the owner at each of the addresses whenever an application is made to change the register, as would happen in the event of a new purchase or mortgage.
It is not necessary to obtain the owner's consent to obtain a copy of their Title documents, and neither are they informed of the purchase at any time. Where a person desires to obtain the owner's address, e. Where this occurs it may be possible to send a stamped addressed envelope to the mortgagee listed in the C section of the Register and ask the mortgagee to forward a letter to the owner. The mortgagee will usually know the owner's current address. Ownership details are often required in connection with court proceedings, to trace debtors, carry out status reports on debtors, to provide evidence of ownership to civil authorities passport office, inland revenue, etcfor insurance purposes and so on.
Many infrastructure, development and building companies need to know the ownership details of properties prior to activities such as laying cables, pipelines, purchasing land for development and so on. Where property does not have a full postal address it is more difficult to obtain a copy of the Title documents. However, we do offer a specialised search for this, namely our Title Register search for properties with no postal address.
Purchase Price As a general rule the purchase price is shown in the Title Register for properties purchased after 1 April A note of the price appears in the B section of the Register, together with the date of registration of the purchase.
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The actual price may not be shown. If the price is uncertain then the value stated by the purchaser will be shown instead. The purchase price would normally be shown where the purchaser paid stamp duty, where it is stated on the Transfer Deed or other document e.
If the price was paid in a foreign currency and that is shown on the Transfer deed then that is the price that will be shown in the Title Register.
Where no payment was made, e.
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The value may be shown to be an amount between two price ranges, or shown as over a certain amount. If the value cannot be accurately gauged then it may be omitted altogether as it may otherwise be misleading.
Referenced Deeds Notwithstanding that all properties sold or mortgaged are now subject to compulsory land registration and therefore Land Registry approved documents must be used for the purchase deed Form TR1 for examplethe old deeds and documents left over from the pre-registration system of conveyancing remain with us and still have a vital role to play in many aspects of property ownership.
Post-registration conveyancing is governed by the Land Registration Act and requires most deeds to be in a form approved by the Land Registration Rules The purchase deed is now called a Transfer. A simple transfer of the whole of a title is in Form TR1; a transfer of part only of the title, in form TP1.
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Some parcels of land are subject to many covenants, easements, restrictions, agreements, etc and the modern Transfer Deed or old Conveyance Deed may contain many pages containing voluminous details of such. There may also be other deeds recording agreements entered into between the parties, again containing much detail.
As a general rule the Land Registry will try to produce a Title Register the main document proving ownership under Land Registration that contains all this detail. Where it is too much, however, a reference will be made to the deed containing it and the deed will be retained by the Land Registry so that it can be provided to people requiring further detail, e. Deeds may be retained by the Land Registry either as digital scanned copies or as paper copies. Where a scanned copy of the Deed is retained the Land Register will make a note at the end of the paragraph referring to the Deed that a copy has been filed.
You can order a Deed by using the Deeds Search form. Restrictions A Restriction is an entry made in the register that denotes a fettering of the owner's title, as for example, where the property is owned as a tenancy in common, rather than a joint tenancy.
This would mean that a sole owner could not sell the property. The Restriction prevents or regulates the owner from making a disposition such as a sale or mortgage.
Another example is where the owner cannot sell or mortgage the land without the consent of his mortgagee. Restrictions are found in the B section of the register.
This means that if one or more of the joint tenants die the survivor already owns the property, without the need for it to be transferred or conveyed to him.
Thus there is no disposition and therefore no taxable transaction. The terms "Joint Tenancy" and "Tenancy in Common" do not refer to a lease or tenancy of a property, but are merely the legal definition of how a property is owned by two or more people. Joint Tenancies and Tenancies in Common apply whether the property is leasehold or freehold.
In most instances two or more owners of property hold it as joint tenants. However, a huge disadvantage of owning it in this way is that the respective owners cannot leave their share of the property in a Will, as they do not own a share. Upon the death of a joint owner their ownership of the property automatically devolves on the surviving owners right of survivorship and any provision in the deceased's Will is of no effect.
Right of Survivorship is a powerful legal right in so far as it takes priority over all other claims when distributing the deceased's estate assets.
There will be no need to obtain Probate and the deceased's unsecured creditors, beneficiaries and family will have no prior claim on it.
Husbands and wives often own the property as Joint Tenants so that inheritance tax will not fall due upon the death of the first one of them, the effect of which might otherwise necessitate the sale of the property to pay the tax and thereby dispossess the survivor. Production of an official copy of the Title Register showing the owners as joint tenants will dispel any attempt in court to defeat the right of survivorship.
Tenancy in Common A Tenancy in Common is the other way that two or more people can own property. Each owner has a specified share in the property, or if no share is specified, they each have an equal share. This type of ownership is more prevalent in Ireland than in England and Wales but as marriages become less common and civil partnerships more common, more and more joint owners are evolving to ownership as a Tenancy in Common.
Often it depends on the size of the respective contributions towards the purchase price. Unlike Joint Tenants, Tenants in Common can leave their share in a Will, although this may give rise to inheritance tax. Following the death of one of the Tenants in Common his share will devolve according to the terms of his Will, or if there is no Will, then the rules of intestacy. The Title Register does not state whether the property is owned as a joint tenancy or a tenancy in common. However, a tenancy in common is usually recorded on the register as a Restriction using the following wording: The online index maps provide references to the original survey plans maps which in turn serve as an index to the Valuation Office field books.
Census records Search by address on the census to find out who was living there. Valuation Office survey maps and field books Between and the Valuation Office carried out a survey to determine the value of land for tax purposes.
For many properties they also show the number of rooms and how the rooms were used. Use the Valuation Office Survey index maps see above to get to the field books. Working copies of the Valuation Office survey are often kept in local archives. Tithe maps and apportionments from Tithe maps and apportionments establish whether a property existed at the time and provide clues about property ownership and occupancy but do not contain details about the property itself. Search Discovery, our catalogue, for tithe maps IR30 and apportionments IR 29 by place name below Parish What records can I find in other archives and organisations?
Building plans mid 19th century onwards Many local record offices have collections of building plans from the mid nineteenth century providing evidence of how buildings might have looked when new.
Find contact details for archives elsewhere using Find an archive. Title deeds Title deeds can help you trace the owners and occupiers of your house.