Delmira Agustini's biography and life edocki.infoa Agustini born in Montevideo, Uruguay, in At a young age she began to compose and publish poems in. Delmira Agustini (October 24, – July 6, ), an Uruguayan poet, was a Latin American poet of the early 20th century. Delmira Agustini Triaca (Spanish). 0 references. given name date of birth. 24 October Gregorian biography/Delmira-Agustini · named as. Delmira.
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Their efforts proved ineffective and, bytired of the war, both withdrew after signing a treaty favorable to Rosas. The Brazilian intervention in May on behalf of the Colorados, combined with the uprising, changed the situation and Oribe was defeated. The siege of Montevideo was lifted and the Guerra Grande finally came to an end. Montevideo, which was used as a supply station by the Brazilian navy, experienced a period of prosperity and relative calm during the war. The Colorado effort to reduce Blancos to only three departments caused a Blanco uprising ofwhich ended with the creation of 16 departments, of which the Blancos now had control over six.
Between andthe military became the center of power. Pressure groups consisting mainly of businessmen, hacendadosand industrialists were organized and had a strong influence on government. Bythe total population of the country was overGovernment forces emerged victorious, leading to the end of the co-participation politics that had begun in His inauguration coincided with the effects of the Great Depression and the social climate became tense as a result of the lack of jobs.
There were confrontations in which police and leftists died. Under pressure from organized labor and the National Party, Baldomir advocated free elections, freedom of the press, and a new constitution. An armed group, known as the Tupamaros emerged in the s, engaging in activities such as bank robbery, kidnapping and assassination, in addition to attempting an overthrow of the government.
While Mistral had passionate friendships with various men and women, and these impacted her writings, she was secretive about her emotional life. She had been using the pen name Gabriela Mistral since June for much of her writing.
After winning the Juegos Florales she infrequently used her given name of Lucila Godoy for her publications. It was a collection of poems that encompassed motherhood, religion, nature, morality and love of children. Her personal sorrow was present in the poems and her International reputation was established.
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Her work was a turn from modernism in Latin America and was marked by critics as direct, yet simplistic. Inshe released her second book, Tenderness Ternura. Career as an educator[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message Gabriela Mistral during her youth Mistral's meteoric rise in Chile's national school system plays out against the complex politics of Chile in the first two decades of the 20th century.
In her adolescence, the need for teachers was so great, and the number of trained teachers was so small, especially in the rural areas, that anyone who was willing could find work as a teacher.Serás mía o de nadie. La verdadera muerta de Delmira Agustini.
Access to good schools was difficult, however, and the young woman lacked the political and social connections necessary to attend the Normal School: She was turned down, without explanation, in She later identified the obstacle to her entry as the school's chaplain, Father Ignacio Munizaga, who was aware of her publications in the local newspapers, her advocacy of liberalizing education and giving greater access to the schools to all social classes.
Although her formal education had ended byshe was able to get work as a teacher thanks to her older sister, Emelina, who had likewise begun as a teacher's aide and was responsible for much of the poet's early education. The poet was able to rise from one post to another because of her publications in local and national newspapers and magazines. Her willingness to move was also a factor.
By she had moved to work in a liceo, or high school, in Los Andeswhere she stayed for six years and often visited Santiago.
She moved on to Temuco inthen to Santiago, where inshe defeated a candidate connected with the Radical Party, Josefina Dey del Castillo, to be named director of Santiago's Liceo 6, the country's newest and most prestigious girls' school.
He had her join in the nation's plan to reform libraries and schools, to start a national education system. A year later she published Lecturas para Mujeres Readings for Womena text in prose and verse that celebrates Latin America from the broad, Americanist perspective developed in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.
In Madrid she published Ternura Tendernessa collection of lullabies and rondas written for an audience of children, parents, and other poets.
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In early she returned to Chile, where she formally retired from the nation's education system, and received a pension. It wasn't a moment too soon: The legislature had just agreed to the demands of the teachers union, headed by Mistral's lifelong rival, Amanda Labarca Hubertson, that only university-trained teachers should be given posts in the schools. The University of Chile had granted her the academic title of Spanish Professor inalthough her formal education ended before she was 12 years old.
Her autodidacticism was remarkable, a testimony to the flourishing culture of newspapers, magazines, and books in provincial Chile, as well as to her personal determination and verbal genius. Mistral's international stature made it highly unlikely that she would remain in Chile.
In mid she was invited to represent Latin America in the newly formed Institute for Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations. With her relocation to France in early she was effectively an exile for the rest of her life. She made a living, at first, from journalism and then giving lectures in the United States and in Latin Americaincluding Puerto Rico. She variously toured the CaribbeanBrazilUruguayand Argentinaamong other places. Mistral lived primarily in France and Italy between and During these years she worked for the League for Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nationsattending conferences of women and educators throughout Europe and occasionally in the Americas.
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She held a visiting professorship at Barnard College of Columbia University in —, worked briefly at Middlebury College and Vassar College inand was warmly received at the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedraswhere she variously gave conferences or wrote, in, and As consul in Madrid, she had occasional professional interactions with another Chilean consul and Nobel Prize recipient, Pablo Nerudaand she was among the earlier writers to recognize the importance and originality of his work, which she had known while he was a teenager and she was school director in his hometown of Temuco.
She published hundreds of articles in magazines and newspapers throughout the Spanish-speaking world. Among her confidants were Eduardo SantosPresident of Colombia, all of the elected Presidents of Chile from to her death inEduardo Frei Montalva, who would be elected president inand Eleanor Roosevelt. The poet's second major volume of poetry, Tala, appeared inpublished in Buenos Aires with the help of longtime friend and correspondent Victoria Ocampo.
The proceeds for the sale were devoted to children orphaned by the Spanish Civil War. This volume includes many poems celebrating the customs and folklore of Latin America as well as Mediterranean Europe. Mistral uniquely fuses these locales and concerns, a reflection of her identification as "una mestiza de vasco," her European Basque - Indigenous Amerindian background.
Mistral considered Juan Miguel as a son. It is said that she fell in love with an Italian man and bared a son from him when she was 35 years old. She called her son Yin Yin but everyone thought he was he nephew but only her best friend Doris knew the truth. A final volume of poetry, Poema de Chilewas edited posthumously by her friend Doris Dana and published in Poema de Chile describes the poet's return to Chile after death, in the company of an Indian boy from the Atacama desert and an Andean deer, the huemul.
This collection of poetry anticipates the interests in objective description and re-vision of the epic tradition just then becoming evident among poets of the Americas, all of whom Mistral read carefully. She received the award in person from King Gustav of Sweden on 10 December In she received a doctor honoris causa from Mills CollegeOakland, California.