Setting the Scene: The French and Indian War: Stations Activity. Mrs. Vasilevsky. 7 th. Grade Social Studies. Goals. Students will be able to: • Compare and. students know the French and Indian War took place between ‐ in their answers to the questions and add any additional causes of the war to .. Date. European Name. Colonial Name. ‐ War of the League of Augsburg. Braddock, Edward: march on Fort Duquesne View All Media. date French and Indian War, American phase of a worldwide nine years' war.
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The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary - Video & Lesson Transcript | edocki.info
After that mission failed, the Ohio Company of Virginia, which had received a special grant of upper Ohio Valley land, was encouraged to build a fort at the convergence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers modern Pittsburghwith the understanding that troops from Virginia would support the undertaking.
The Newberry Library The French, however, were too quick. Descending the Allegheny in large numbers in the spring ofFrench troops overwhelmed the uncompleted fort before Virginia militia under Col. Joshua Fry could arrive.
The French could not ignore such a provocation and descended upon Fort Necessity, besieging it on July 3. Although Washington had been reinforced with militia troops from Virginia and a company of regular British infantry from North Carolina, the combined French and Indian force outnumbered the defenders roughly two to one. Washington surrendered the fort, which was then burned by the French, and withdrew with his forces to Virginia.
The government of Virginia appealed to London for assistance. Edward Braddock to go to Virginia with a force and eject the French from Fort Duquesne and its environs.
The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
Edward Boscawen was sent into the region of the Gulf of St. Lawrence with a powerful fleet to prevent further reinforcement of French troops from arriving in Canada.
The war thus begun to defend British territorial claims in the Ohio Valley spread like wildfire across the continent. Early French successes The first four years saw nothing but severe reverses for the British regulars and American colonials, primarily because of superior French land forces in the New World.
Braddock was killed and his army scattered in July when the force was ambushed while approaching Fort Duquesne.
In July Gen. Despite outnumbering the French defenders under Gen.Example Student Animation - French & Indian War
Moreover, the frontier settlements in what are now central New Yorkcentral Pennsylvania, western Marylandand western Virginia were deserted while thousands of families fled eastward in panic to escape the hostilities. Braddock, EdwardLithograph depicting the mortally wounded Edward Braddock being carried from the field after a battle near Fort Duquesne, Library of Congress, Washington, D.
British authorities held the region to be a part of Nova Scotia, ceded by France in the April treaty of Utrecht.
As no large contingent of British soldiers was available to garrison the area and subdue the pro-French populace, the British authorities at Halifax decided to disperse the Acadians as a war measure. Transports carried most of the Acadians away from their villages in western Nova Scotia and distributed them among the British colonies to the south.
Some returned to the area after the war, while others settled in French Louisianawhere their descendants became known as Cajuns. The Virginia militia, under the command of Major George Washington, was mobilized to ask the French to vacate the Ohio territory peaceably. They refused, but Washington didn't have a large enough force to overpower Fort Duquesne. Now-Colonel Washington returned the following year with more men and proceeded to build his own stockade nearby, called Fort Necessity.
The year was France's Early Victories Britain hoped Braddock would strengthen their militia, but he was killed before his first battle Though New France had a sparse population, they also had a series of fortifications throughout the territory and formidable Indian allies who were fighting on their behalf. Britain decided that the colonial militia needed more experienced leadership, and dispatched General Edward Braddock with an aggressive 3-pronged battle plan.
En route to his first battle, General Braddock was killed in a surprise attack, and France continued to win victories on the battlefields for three years, including the infamous massacre at Fort William Henry. The residents of the fort had surrendered to the French, but during their retreat as prisoners of war, they were attacked by France's Indian allies.
In spite of the French commander's attempt to stop them, the Indians scalped hundreds of British soldiers, and carried off another women, children and servants as slaves. England's only significant early victory in the French and Indian War was capturing a small French outpost that supplied the much larger Ft.
England already had control of the surrounding territory, known as Acadia, and in order to further isolate Ft. Louisbourg, England deported all of the French-speaking residents in the area. Many of these Acadiens relocated to Louisiana, where they became known as the 'Cajuns.
A new battle plan organized by the British Prime Minister called for a significant troop surge, new strategy that better suited the frontier, a naval blockade and an alliance with some Native American tribes.
This plan coincided with an outbreak of smallpox among France's Indian allies that year. Finally, British forces captured a series of forts - including Ticonderoga, which became an important target for colonial forces a few years later in the American Revolution.