The topography of South America has been described to resemble a bowl The continent is mostly made up of lowlands, highlands, seven of them more than 1, miles in length. (or plateau) is a cold place, and one of the few deserts on Earth that doesn't receive any rain. North America and South America are named after Italian navigator Plains, to the U.S.-Mexico border, coincided with the extent of Plains Indian communities. Yet Barrio Chino counts 3, families of Chinese heritage within its boundaries. affected the relationships between North American countries. North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Vespucci, who explored South America between and , was the first North America maintains various definitions in accordance with location and indigenous people preserve traditions across modern boundaries.
South America | Facts, Land, People, & Economy | edocki.info
Geography of South America
For instance, the Central Powers tried to break through the Allied naval blockade in the southern Atlantic. Most Latin American countries like Brazil and Chile were overwhelmed with the task of effectively policing their long coastlines.
The sovereignty of the neutral Latin American states was frequently violated by the warring parties. Unrestricted German submarine warfare posed a particular threat for Latin American shipping. Many Latin American governments protested the situation, but to no avail.
In addition, public protest demonstrated that the expansion of submarine warfare had an emotional impact that could endanger Latin American neutrality. In the months after the outbreak of the conflict, panic spread in the financial sector. The stream of European investment capital, which had been crucial for Latin American development in the years prior to the war, came to an abrupt end.
The malaise of the Latin American export sectors aggravated this problems. At the same time, imports shrank dramatically. There was hardly any possibility of preventing a major crisis of supply. However, the situation changed over the course of war. Already inseveral countries started to profit from the demand for their export products: Offering raw materials for rising prices, these countries benefited from a positive trade balance and some experienced stimulated industrialization.
The general population, especially the workers, suffered from inflation. Social tensions rose everywhere because of sinking real wages and mass unemployment. The governments were forced to take countermeasures and to subdue the enraged populations, sometimes by force. The intensified blockade of the seas and of commerce was an important weapon in the war.
In fact, it meant the rupture of free commercial relations between Latin America and Europe and the interruption of the strong influx of immigrants.
New York was the last source of capital still accessible to Latin America. Especially in the capital and port cities, the war came quickly to Latin America in the guise of propaganda. The subcontinent boasted a vast number of neutral states and the Allies wanted them to enter the war on their side, whereas Berlin hoped to keep Latin America neutral.
In view of this delicate situation, the region became a major battlefield for worldwide propaganda activities. In general, Latin American newspapers were dependent on international agencies like Havas and Reuters. Consequently, it became even more difficult to remain neutral.
Moreover, both warring parties used all kinds of media messages and even new forms, like cinemato exert influence on Latin Americans.
Besides the neutralistas, one can easily separate public opinion in two basic groups. The pro-Allied voices clearly remained the majority and retained the upper hand because of their larger financial resources and the traditional sympathy for France in several Latin American regions.
Germans and citizens of German descent in particular tried to refute the pro-Allied campaigns but their success was limited. Well-known personalities from the social elites and intellectuals of Latin American countries supported one or the other side. Debates increased over the course of the war and sometimes led to violent fights in the streets.
The war mobilized many people and shook the Latin American public to unknown dimensions. American influence in the region can be understood as a more or less general characteristic of the war for Latin America. Well-prepared to take over the business that the Germans had to abandon in the subcontinent, a large amount of U.
Department of State talked about a unique opportunity to expand in Latin America. Because of the absence of European involvement, South American governments feared that they were vulnerable to becoming U. Several Latin American governments had anticipated the United States' entrance into the war in April Berlin nevertheless was still hoping to keep the United States out of the conflict in Europe.
On 25 Maya new form of international cooperation was formalized within a sub-regional framework. Although the northern part of South America extends north of the Equator and four-fifths of its landmass is located within the tropics, it also reaches subantarctic latitudes.
Much of the high Andes lie within the tropics but include extensive zones of temperate or cold climate in the vicinity of the Equator —a circumstance that is unique. The great range in elevation produces an unrivaled diversity of climatic and ecological zones, which is probably the most prominent characteristic of South American geography. The original inhabitants of South America are believed to have descended from the same Asiatic peoples who migrated to North America from Siberia during the most recent Wisconsin ice age.
Few of these peoples, however, survived the arrival of Europeans aftermost succumbing to disease or mixing with people of European and especially in Brazil African origin. Some parts of the continent are now industrialized, with modern cities, but the people in rural areas still follow an agricultural way of life.
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The wealth of mineral products and renewable resources is considerable, yet economic development in most of the continent lags behind the more industrially advanced regions of the world. Nonetheless, concern has arisen about the rapidly increasing and often destructive exploitation of these resources.
Amazon Basin The Amazon River, which flows from west to east across the north-central portion of South America, is the world's largest river in terms of discharge volume. By some definitions, the Amazon River is also the longest river in the world - while the Nile River is generally considered to be the world's longest, some studies suggest an alternative source for the Amazon River, which would actually make it the world's longest.
The Amazon Basin Amazonia is covered by the largest tropical rain forest in the world, and running through its heart is the Amazon River and its more than 1, tributaries, seven of them more than 1, miles in length. Measurable rain falls on an average of days a year here, and total rainfall often approaches inches per year.
Atacama Desert Sparsely populated and positioned high into the Andes of Chilethis somewhat small desert or plateau is a cold place, and one of the few deserts on Earth that doesn't receive any rain.
It's approximately miles wide and miles long. The landscape is totally barren and covered with small borax lakes, lava flow remnants and saline deposits.
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Brazilian Highlands Sparsely populated and positioned high into the Andes of Chilethis somewhat small desert or plateau is a cold place, and one of the few deserts on Earth that doesn't receive any rain.
It covers 18, square miles and has a population of overpeople. Climate South America is home to a range of climate classifications, from equatorial to tundra. In the north of the continent, near Colombia and Venezuela, weather conditions are generally wet and humid.
The same thing goes for areas close to the Equator, including the Amazon Rainforest. Trade winds regulate temperatures in the northeast of the continent, meaning that the climates in Suriname, French Guiana, and Guyana are considerably cooler than their neighbors to the west. In areas of north Argentina and Paraguay, which fall near the Tropic of Capricorn, rainfall is sparse and temperatures tend to be warm.
The west coast of the continent, particularly in Chile, tends to be dry and hot in the summer, with snowfall on the mountains in the winter. In the extreme south of Argentina, there is a sub arctic climate.
As a general rule, the further south you travel, the cooler the temperatures are although temperatures can be quite low in the mountainous regions of the continent as well.